Biota of the Moonshine Archipelago/Plants

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Plants make a major component of the Biota of the Moonshine Archipelago. Indeed there are thought to be many more species of plant on the islands than there are species of animal. The islands are populated by species from across the major clades of angiosperms, gymnosperms, and - most significantly - ferns.

Key

     Denotes introduced species.

Clades

Clade: Angiospermae (flowering plants)

Species Distribution Conservation
status
Notes
Metrosideros carminea Akakura (Metrosideros carminea)  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
Least concern
Cordyline australis Cabbage tree (Cordyline australis) All islands Least concern
Phormium tenax Harakeke (Phormium tenax) All islands Not evaluated
Pseudopanax ferox Horoeka (Pseudopanax ferox) All islands Near threatened
Sophora tetraptera Kowhai (Sophora tetraptera) All islands Least concern
Ranunculus lyallii Mountain buttercup (Ranunculus lyallii)  New Ingerland:
  • 🏔 Ecoregion IV: Main Range
Least concern
Muehlenbeckia complexa Maidenhair vine (Muehlenbeckia complexa) Temperate forests Least concern
Pleurophyllum ostrum Oswald Island daisy (Pleurophyllum ostrum)  New Ingerland: Vulnerable
Pandorea pandorana Pandorea pandorana  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
Least concern
Metrosideros excelsa Pohutukawa (Metrosideros excelsa) All islands. Coastal habitats. Least concern
Metrosideros umbellata Rātā (Metrosideros umbellata) All islands Least concern
Richea scoparia Richea scoparia All islands Least concern
Nothofagus rubus Southern red beech (Nothofagus rubus)  New Ingerland:
  • 🌿 Ecoregion II: Northern Slopes
  • ☀ Ecoregion VI: Leeward Coast
Least concern
Nothofagus menziesii Tāwhai (Nothofagus menziesii) All islands Least concern
Nothofagus solandri Tāwhairauriki (Nothofagus solandri) All islands Least concern
Nothofagus gunnii Tanglefoot beech (Nothofagus gunnii) All islands Least concern
Pittosporum eugenioides Tarata (Pittosporum eugenioides) All islands. Lowland habitats. Not evaluated
Thryptomene calycina Thryptomene calycina All islands Near threatened
Austroderia toetoe Toetoe (Austroderia toetoe) Lowland habitats north of 52°30'S. Not evaluated

Clade: Gymnospermae (conifers, etc.)

Species Distribution Conservation
status
Notes
Dacrycarpus dacrydioides Kahikatea (Dacrycarpus dacrydioides) Lowland forest and wetlands Least concern
Prumnopitys taxifolia Matai (Prumnopitys taxifolia) All islands. Lowland habitats. Least concern
Prumnopitys ferruginea Miro (Prumnopitys ferruginea) All islands. Lowland habitats. Least concern
Libocedrus bidwillii Pāhautea (Libocedrus bidwillii) Brunswich Island Near threatened
Dacrydium cupressinum Rimu (Dacrydium cupressinum) All islands Least concern
Podocarpus nivalis Snow tōtara (Podocarpus nivalis) Highland climates Least concern
Araucaria heterophylla Star pine (Araucaria excelsa) All islands Least concern
Phyllocladus trichomanoides Tanekaha (Phyllocladus trichomanoides) All islands Least concern
Podocarpus totara Tōtara (Podocarpus totara) Lowland areas north of 50°S Least concern

Clade: Polypodiopsidae (ferns)

Species Distribution Conservation
status
Notes
Adiantum viridescens  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
  • 🌿 Ecoregion II: Northern Slopes
Least concern
Adiantum fulvum  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
  • 🌿 Ecoregion II: Northern Slopes
  • 🌦 Ecoregion V: Windward Coast
  • ☀ Ecoregion VI: Leeward Coast
Least concern
Cyathea medullaris Mamaku (Cyathea medullaris)  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
  • 🌿 Ecoregion II: Northern Slopes
  • 🌦 Ecoregion V: Windward Coast
Least concern
Adiantum cunninghamii Puhinui (Adiantum cunninghamii) All islands Not evaluated
Cyathea dealbata Ponga (Cyathea dealbata) All islands Least concern
Adiantum hispidulum Rough Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum hispidulum)  New Ingerland:
  • 🌺 Ecoregion I: Far North
Least concern
Dicksonia antarctica Soft fern (Dicksonia antarctica) All islands Least concern

See also

References and notes