Independent politicians in New Ingerland
An independent politician (previously known as a nonpartisan) is an individual politician not affiliated to any of New Ingerland's political parties.
Originally, there were no recognised parties in the New Ingerland parliament, with all politicians counted as being nonpartisan. From the establishment of the House of Assembly in 1854 informal loose groupings began to form around liberals, who were better known as either progressives or radicals depending on their views; and conservatives, who were known as moderates.
The foundation of formal political parties in the 1890s considerably diminished the number of unaffiliated politicians.
Independent senators are considerably more common, and typically are those senators elected to represent functional constituencies, the peerage, and the convocation of the University of New Ingerland. As of July 2014[update], there are 12 independent members of the Senate. Likewise, the Bishops of the Ingerian Church of New Ingerland, whilst not classed as independents, are nevertheless nonpartisan as well.
House of Assembly
Independent MHAs have been quite rare for much of the last century. As of July 2014[update], just four independents sit in the House of Assembly:
- (MHA for )
The Speaker of the House of Assembly is a case sui generis.