|Established||1 January 1970|
|Composition method||Nomination by the Judicial Appointments Commission with appointment by HM The King|
|Authorised by||Magistracy Act|
|Appeals to||Crown Court|
|Term length||Mandatory retirement at 75|
|Number of positions||49|
|Chief Magistrate of New Ingerland|
|Currently||Dame Fenella Gilham|
|Since||9 July 2001|
The Magistrates' Courts are the lowest tier of the court system of New Ingerland. The Magistrates' Courts are chiefly courts of a summary jurisdiction, and deal with the majority of less serious criminal cases and the majority of small civil cases in New Ingerland. The court also has a role in dealing with committal proceedings for indictable offences.
Function and jurisdiction
The Magistrates' Courts are where all criminal and many civil proceedings in New Ingerland first enter the court system, with 98% of all criminal and civil cases heard to finality in the Magistrates' Courts.
The Magistrates' Courts also conducts committal proceedings to determine whether or not indictable offences are to be committed to the Crown and Supreme Courts. Committal proceedings in New Ingerland can take on one of two forms; either a person can appear before a magistrate, or that can opt to have their committal heard before a grand jury.
The Magistrates' Courts is not a single court, but rather consists of four separate courts that operate under the umbrella of the Magistracy Act.
The District is the workhorse of the judiciary in New Ingerland, hearing over xx,xxx cases a year in both criminal and civil matters. Has both criminal and civil jurisdiction; deals with all summary offences; and civil matters where the amount being claimed is up to the value of £3,750.
The District Court consists of 75 magistracy districts, which are coterminous with the municipalities. In each district there is at least one courthouse capable of hearing cases brought before the District Court.
Court of Juvenile Justice
The Court of Juvenile Justice is a specialist court and deals with criminal cases concerning all juveniles under the age of 21. The court has the power to sentence for up to 14 years, can also issue Community Behaviour Orders.
The jurisdiction of the Family Court extends to it being entitled to hear some family law matters, including Power of Attorney applications, Domestic Violence Orders, and Guardianship applications for minors and incapacitated adults, as well as matters relating to the care and protection of children and young people.
Has the jurisdiction to hold inquests concerning certain deaths and suspected deaths of people in New Ingerland; also empowered to hold inquiries concerning certain non-fatal fires and explosions
The courts are presided over by a Magistrate, who dispenses summary justice, under powers usually defined by the Summary Offences Act.
Forms of address
A magistrate is addressed as "Your Worship" while in court.
Unlike judges, magistrates do not have any formal court working dress and they instead wear an ordinary suit when presiding over a court.