Democratic Party

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Democratic Party
Leader Matthew Jones
Chairman Mandy Gaspar
Preceded by
Headquarters Liberty Hall
24 Howley St
Kingsbury, CENT
Ideology Liberalism
Political position Centre
Colours      Yellow
House of Assembly
68 / 128
Senate
26 / 68
Politics of New Ingerland
Political parties
Elections

The Democratic Party is a major political party in New Ingerland. Ideologically, the Democrats are a liberal party (with both classical and social strands), that was formed with the merger of the Liberal Party and the Reform Party in July 1959. The current leader of the Democratic Party is the Rt. Hon. Matthew Jones MHA, and current Prime Minister of New Ingerland.

The Democrats have maintained a number of strong and competing factions with the strongest is the classical liberal element that makes the Democrats a party in the mould of the Liberal Party under William Gladstone in the nineteenth century. The party enjoys strong support in the electorate and since it was established has generally polled about 40% of the vote. The heartland of the party is in the urban constituencies (particularly Kingsbury and Port Frederick), and the some rural areas such of the counties of Deverauxshire and Westerland.

History

Background

Establishment and early years

First Democratic government

Recent times

Policy

Overview

The Democrats subscribe to three main policy principles, which it calls the "three pillars of good government". The pillars are laid out in the parties constitutional preamble and consist of:

  • Economic efficiency,
  • Social responsibility and
  • Individual liberty

Economics

The Democratic Party agenda includes economic policies that focus on encouraging free enterprise and entrepreneurship.

Foreign affairs

The party also supports multilateral approaches to international relations, through the Assembly of Nations and other bodies.

Society

It supports equal funding for science and the arts, and takes a generally laissez-faire approaches to social issues, believing there is no place for the government in social policy. The party therefore does not support constitutional and treaty protections for human rights in domestic law.

Party structure

The Democrats are structured quite like the other major parties. Members of the party belong to a branch, which sends delegates to county and constituency executives, and the National Executive, which is the primary administrative body of the party. In addition, the party holds an annual conference to vote on policy matters and elect the party chairman.

The party is built around the branch, which is a local grouping of members who form a leadership committee, and contribute to the policy formulation debates within the party. The branches also appoint delegates to the county and constituency executives. For prospective politicians, election to the branch executive is a vital step on the way to higher office. Most branches are based in local districts or boroughs and therefore have a direct role in the selection of candidates for election to the local authorities.

Each branch sends members to an executive which is a charged with the pre-selection of candidates for the House of Assembly. Outside of the pre-selection process, the Constituency Executive seldom convenes, meaning that it is not part of the normal operational hierarchy of the party.

The party has fourteen such committees that manage the branches and appoint members to the National Executive.

Consisting of seventeen members, the National Executive is the most important body in the party. Each county sends one delegate, who are joined by the chairman, leader of the parliamentary party and the national secretary.

Electoral performance

This chart shows the electoral performance of the Democratic Party in general elections since 1959.

Election Number of votes Share of votes Seats Outcome of election
1961 Democratic majority
1963 Democratic majority
1966 Democratic majority
1969 44.91%
47 / 116
Democratic majority
1972 40.50%
61 / 116
Democratic majority
1975 29.20%
37 / 116
National majority
1978 31.10%
40 / 116
National minority
1981 31.65%
60 / 116
Democratic majority
1984 534,135 32.11%
50 / 128
National/Christian Democrat coalition[1]
1988 538,616 32.6%
64 / 128
Democratic/SDLP coalition majority
1992 33.5%
46 / 128
National majority
1996 38.36%
46 / 128
National majority
2000 40.11%
71 / 128
Democratic majority
2004 32.07%
33 / 128
National majority
2008 35.10%
37 / 128
National majority
2012 779,699 42.60%
73 / 128
Democratic majority
2016 731,502 40.85%
68 / 128
Democratic majority

Party leaders

# Name In Office Duration Comments
1 Jonathan Braddock
(16 January 1919 – 19 March 2006)
1 July 1959 - 6 March 1975 18 years, 8 months, 5 days Prime Minister 1961-75
2 Jason Olsen
(born 7 October 1932)
6 March 1975 - 7 September 1978 3 years, 6 months, 1 day Prime Minister 1975
3 Antonia Davidson
(born 27 May 1948)
7 September 1978 - 17 March 1992 13 years, 6 months, 10 days Prime Minister 1980-84, 1986-92
4 Una Clements
(born 11 March 1953)
17 March 1992 - 10 March 1996 3 years, 11 months, 22 days
5 Bill Howlett
(born 6 September 1951)
10 March 1996 - 12 March 2004 8 years, 2 days Prime Minister 2000-04
6 Matthew Jones
(born 4 June 1961)
12 March 2004 - Present Incumbent Prime Minister 2012-present

References and notes

  1. The National/Christian Democrat coalition government fell in December 1986 and replaced by a coalition led by the Democrats

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