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|House of Assembly|
Politics of New Ingerland|
The Democratic Party is a major political party in New Ingerland. Ideologically, the Democrats are a liberal party (with both classical and social strands), that was formed with the merger of the Liberal Party and the Reform Party in July 1959. The current leader of the Democratic Party is the Rt. Hon. Matthew Jones MHA, and current Prime Minister of New Ingerland.
The Democrats have maintained a number of strong and competing factions with the strongest is the classical liberal element that makes the Democrats a party in the mould of the Liberal Party under William Gladstone in the nineteenth century. The party enjoys strong support in the electorate and since it was established has generally polled about 40% of the vote. The heartland of the party is in the urban constituencies (particularly Kingsbury and Port Frederick), and the some rural areas such of the counties of Deverauxshire and Westerland.
Establishment and early years
First Democratic government
|This article is part of the series:|
|Liberalism in New Ingerland|
Antonia Davidson · Matthew Jones
Liberal Party · Reform Party
The Democrats subscribe to three main policy principles, which it calls the "three pillars of good government". The pillars are laid out in the parties constitutional preamble and consist of:
- Economic efficiency,
- Social responsibility and
- Individual liberty
The Democratic Party agenda includes economic policies that focus on encouraging free enterprise and entrepreneurship.
The party also supports multilateral approaches to international relations, through the Assembly of Nations and other bodies.
It supports equal funding for science and the arts, and takes a generally laissez-faire approaches to social issues, believing there is no place for the government in social policy. The party therefore does not support constitutional and treaty protections for human rights in domestic law.
The Democrats are structured quite like the other major parties. Members of the party belong to a branch, which sends delegates to county and constituency executives, and the National Executive, which is the primary administrative body of the party. In addition, the party holds an annual conference to vote on policy matters and elect the party chairman.
The party is built around the branch, which is a local grouping of members who form a leadership committee, and contribute to the policy formulation debates within the party. The branches also appoint delegates to the county and constituency executives. For prospective politicians, election to the branch executive is a vital step on the way to higher office. Most branches are based in local districts or boroughs and therefore have a direct role in the selection of candidates for election to the local authorities.
Each branch sends members to an executive which is a charged with the pre-selection of candidates for the House of Assembly. Outside of the pre-selection process, the Constituency Executive seldom convenes, meaning that it is not part of the normal operational hierarchy of the party.
The party has fourteen such committees that manage the branches and appoint members to the National Executive.
Consisting of seventeen members, the National Executive is the most important body in the party. Each county sends one delegate, who are joined by the chairman, leader of the parliamentary party and the national secretary.
This chart shows the electoral performance of the Democratic Party in general elections since 1959.
|Election||Number of votes||Share of votes||Seats||Outcome of election|
|1984||534,135||32.11%||National/Christian Democrat coalition|
|1988||538,616||32.6%||Democratic/SDLP coalition majority|
(16 January 1919 – 19 March 2006)
|1 July 1959 - 6 March 1975||18 years, 8 months, 5 days||Prime Minister 1961-75|
(born 7 October 1932)
|6 March 1975 - 7 September 1978||3 years, 6 months, 1 day||Prime Minister 1975|
(born 27 May 1948)
|7 September 1978 - 17 March 1992||13 years, 6 months, 10 days||Prime Minister 1980-84, 1986-92|
(born 11 March 1953)
|17 March 1992 - 10 March 1996||3 years, 11 months, 22 days|
(born 6 September 1951)
|10 March 1996 - 12 March 2004||8 years, 2 days||Prime Minister 2000-04|
(born 4 June 1961)
|12 March 2004 - Present||Incumbent||Prime Minister 2012-present|
References and notes
- The National/Christian Democrat coalition government fell in December 1986 and replaced by a coalition led by the Democrats