WB Clarke Building|
23 Bradley St
|House of Assembly|
Politics of New Ingerland|
The National Party is a conservative political party and is, along with the Democratic Party, one of the two major political parties in New Ingerland. The Nationals have elected representatives in both Houses of Parliament and in all local councils. Today, the Nationals control four of the eight county councils, and have governed New Ingerland for 46 of the 77 years since the party was established in 1935, a period longer than any other party.
The National Party is by far the oldest surviving political party in New Ingerland, and can trace its roots back to the Conservative Party, founded in 1892, and the Country Party, which was founded in 1918.
The Country Party merged with the Conservatives in 1935 to form the National Party, which became the sole centre-right party in New Ingerland. The former country party leader, Donald Burleigh, became the first leader of the new party. Richard Brabazon, the former leader of the Conservatives, served as the first deputy.
Throughout the late 1940s and in to the 1950s, the National Party was dominated by the leadership of Robert Kettering. Kettering was a strong advocate for the paternalistic One Nation school of conservatism that dominated many right of centre parties of the era. Under Kettering, many of the policies and actions of the socialist Sims government were retained or only slightly modified to make them amenable to the party's upper-class base. However, the new policy direction of the government was not without its critics, and led to many liberal conservative members of the party breaking away to form the Reform Party in late 1954. The breakaways perceived Kettering's policies as being a weak and insipid response by the National Party to growing size of the welfare state and the role of government generally. The Reform Party later merged with the Liberal Party to form the modern liberal Democratic Party.
The split did not prove to be immediately fatal to the government, with Kettering successfully winning the elections of 1955 and 1958. But the loss of volunteers at the local level eventually caught up with the party, and it was heavily defeated by Jonathan Braddock's Democrats in 1961. The party would spend the next 14 years in opposition, whilst many of the attributes of the welfare state were wound back or terminated altogether. Whilst the Nationals under Tony Hendon and John Collier vigorously opposed this wind-back, Collier's successor, Jacob Meyer was very much of the Tory old school, despite his Jewish heritage, and steered the party back to it's traditional corporatist economic roots.
Return to government
|This article is part of the series:|
|Conservatism in New Ingerland|
John Tudor · Jim Goodwin
Conservative Party · Country Party
National Party policy continues to reflect the moderate conservative model of politics that developed in New Ingerland after the First World War. The National's see themselves as a 'big tent', with many competing ideas and goals. Despite this, the party is renowned for its party discipline and single-focused agenda that is meted out the party's annual conference.
The party continues to focus on agrarian socialism as the central tenant of economic management, and so it is the natural choice for many people who work in the agricultural sector. The party believes in minimum economic intervention, but reserves the right to do so when it believes necessary. On most social issues, the party allows a conscience vote, but in a nation that is essentially socially conservative, it is seldom exercised.
The National Party is strongly in favour of preserving the independence of New Ingerland and maintaining the institutions of government as they were established in the Constitution. Past experience has shown that the party is not afraid to take aggressive action against any nation that would seek to compromise New Ingerland's independence.
This chart shows the electoral performance of the National Party in general elections since 1935.
|Election||Number of votes||Share of votes||Seats||Outcome of election|
|1984||455,199||33.21%||National/Christian Democrat coalition|
There have been 13 leaders of the National Party since the party was formed in 1935.
|1||Sir Donald Burleigh
(2 May 1879 – 4 September 1971)
|1 March 1935 – 27 January 1946||10 years, 10 months, 26 days|
(6 June 1889 - 30 October 1973)
|27 January 1946 – 31 May 1948||2 years, 4 months, 4 days|
(27 March 1903 – 31 August 1994)
|31 May 1948 – 26 August 1959||11 years, 2 months, 26 days|
(7 December 1908 – 1 June 1999)
|26 August 1959 – 7 March 1961||1 year, 6 months, 9 days|
(born 14 April 1920)
|7 March 1961 - 19 August 1969||8 years, 5 months, 12 days|
(16 November 1922 - 19 May 2011)
|19 August 1969 – 21 April 1981||11 years, 8 months, 2 days|
(22 March 1924 - 3 August 1984)
|21 April 1981 – 3 August 1984||3 years, 3 months, 13 days|
(born 26 March 1943)
|20 August 1984 – 24 November 1986||2 years, 3 months, 4 days|
(born 8 March 1942)
|24 November 1986 – 15 May 1987||5 months, 21 days|
(born 31 July 1940)
|15 May 1987 – 22 March 2000||12 years, 10 months, 7 days|
(born 1 December 1947)
|22 March 2000 – 17 March 2012||11 years, 11 months, 24 days|
(born 6 December 1961)
|17 March 2012 – Present||Incumbent|
References and notes
- Gates served as acting leader of the National Party from 4 August, until her formal election as leader of the 20 August.